Overview of Spain

SPAIN AT GLANCE

OFFICIAL NAME::
Kingdom of Spain

GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION::
Southern Europe, in the Iberian Peninsula. In addition to the mainland, Spain includes the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea, the cities of Ceuta and Melilla in North Africa and the Canary Islands in Atlantic Ocean.

AREA::
505,944 km².

PRINCIPAL NATURAL RESOURCES::
Copper, zinc, lead, potashes, gypsum, sepiolite (meerschaum), sodium sulfate, ornamental stones, arable land.

POPULATION::
46,539,026 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2017).

DENSITY::
91.9 inhabitants/ km².

POPULATION GROUPS::
9.8% of the population is foreign. The most numerous nationalities in this groups are Moroccans with 1.61%, Romanians with 1.47% and British with 0.51%.

CITY POPULATIONS::
Capital: Madrid (3,165,541)
Main cities: Barcelona (1,608,746), Valencia (790,201), Seville (690,566), Zaragoza (661,108), Malaga (569,009)

RELIGIONS::
Catholic – 70%; other religion – 2.8%.

LANGUAGE::
Castilian Spanish is the official language throughout Spain. There are other Spanish languages that are also official according to the statutes in their respective Autonomous Regions. English is the most widely-studied foreign language.

ENTRY REQUIREMENTS::
Citizens of other European Union States, Switzerland, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein; valid National Identity Document or passport. Citizens of the rest of the world also require a visa. For more information: www.exteriores.gob.es.

ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION::
17 autonomous communities, 50 provinces and 2 autonomous cities, Ceuta and Melilla.